Colorectal Cancer

According to the United States CDC, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among men and women. It is also the third leading cause of cancer deaths. Screening has been shown to improve survival rates by early detection and removal of polyps. Polyps are small growths in the lining of the colon or rectum that have a tendency to grow into cancers in some cases. This transformation typically takes years to occur. Most polyps do not cause any symptoms. Some bleed occasionally. Once cancer develops, patients may or may not have any symptoms. In advanced cases, some patients may have weight loss, rectal bleeding or bowel obstruction symptoms. Once the diagnosis of colorectal cancer is established, a multidisciplinary approach to treatment is indicated. This involves our surgical team working together with the radiologist, gastroenterologist and oncologist to provide a comprehensive treatment and follow-up plan. From a surgical standpoint, the removal of the cancerous portion of the colon can be achieved using minimally invasive laparoscopy where we use a small camera and several small incisions depending on the nature of the disease. This enhances early recovery, and reduces the overall pain scores.